Pura Raza Española, Pure Spanish-bred
The Andalusian Horse stands on par with the Arabian horses when you consider the length and purity of the bloodline of the breed. This breed has its influence on almost every horse breed in the world today. It is no wonder then, that this horse is called the “grandfather” of all breeds. Pure bred Spanish horse, Iberian Saddle, Castilian, War horse and Peninsular are the other names that are used to refer to this breed.
These horses have a large head with a moderate length. The neck of the Andalusian horse is broad and long. They have large chests and their back is short but sturdy. The hindquarters are broad and strong with well defined, round croups. Their legs are well formed with a high degree of flexion. Their walk is energetic and has an elegant bouncy action which is a pleasure to watch.
The height of the Andalusian horses can be between 15.1 to 16.2 hands. Their bright eyes reflect the kindness of the animal. This docile creature has a sense of pride and is sensitive. If you are looking to use a whip to train this animal, then you can give up immediately because this animal needs respect more than the whip!! Be patient and kind with this horse and you will see that it is a pleasure to train it.
These horses are fast learners and can have an innate ability to learn the most difficult moves with ease. They are very affectionate and spirited animals. They are intelligent, courageous and gentle too. However, if you are a beginner, then, it is better to stay away from riding it until you are sure you can control its spirited nature.
15.1 - 16.2 hands
During the initial stages of development of this breed, all colors including spotted patterns could be found on the coat. However, in recent times, many Andalusian horses are either grey or bay colored. A few of are black, palomino, dun and chestnut in color too. The rarest colors are cremello, pearl and buckskin.
In the bygone era, the Andalusian horses were used for war purposes. In modern times, the Andalusians are used as performance horses for equestrian activities. They are also used for events like driving, dressage and show jumping. These horses also play an important role in helping create and develop existing breeds. Fantasy epic movies and historical movies make use of this horse. This breed is currently the mascot of the University of Southern California.
Iberian horses of Portugal and Spain are considered as the forefathers of the Andalusian breed. They are named “Andalusian” horses because they originated in Andalusia which is a Spanish province. This horse was considered priced possessions by the royalty and captains so much so that they got the title “Royal Horses of Europe”. Thanks to the European warfare, the number of Andalusians began to dwindle.
In order to save this breed, many Andalusians had to be exported to various countries with permission from royalty. People put their lives at stake to revive this breed because those who were caught illegally exporting them were punished to death.
All Andalusian horses in America today can be traced to their ancestors from Spain and Portugal. Unfortunately, there are only 20,000 horses of this breed in existence today. This breed is considered to be one of the rarest in the United States of America because it houses only 4500 Andalusians with only 400 new foals being registered each year.