This magnificent horse of remarkable genetic purity is rightly called the “fountainhead” of all horse breeds. There are hardly any horse breeds that has not benefitted from the genes of the Arabian Horse. The greatest contribution of this horse is in the evolution of the Thoroughbreds. Though the Thoroughbred is no match to the Arabian Horse in terms of stamina, intelligence and beauty, they are faster and bigger than the Arabian Horses.
The Arabian Horses are among the oldest breed of horses in the world. These horses have their origins rooted in Middle East regions. They are also the most easily recognizable horses in the world, thanks to certain distinct features. The Bedouin tribe that is credited to a great extent in the development of this breed, held these horses in high esteem and they were extremely protective of these animals.
This love and affection showered by the humans influenced this breed to a great extent. They developed into creatures that were easy to train, willing to please and good natured. The Arabian horses are quick learners too and are highly sensitive and alert creatures. Their positive attitude, highly spirited nature and seemingly endless energy make this breed the best in its class.
The height of the Arabian horses can be anywhere between 14.1 to 15.1 hands. These horses have a refined head with a large forehead. The head can either have dished or concave profile. They have large, expressive eyes and ears that are short and curved. The nostrils are large and the muzzle is small. They have a neck that is large and well set and is slightly arched. These animals have laid back shoulder, short back and a compact body. They have a well defined and strong bone structure and are sure footed. They have a highly set tail and level croups.
14.1 - 15.1 hands
The most common coat colors of an Arabian horse are black, bay, chestnut, roan and grey.
The Arabian horses are so full of energy that they find their use in almost any field. “The Versatile Arabian” catch phrase given to these animals is well deserved. These animals were originally used as war horses. Today, they stand tall as winners in just about every endurance riding competitions and other equestrian activities. They are excellent horses for dressage, reining, cutting, eventing and show jumping too.
This breed of horse is so ancient that it is difficult to figure out the exact time of origin. People speculate though, that they may have been in existence right from 3000 BC. There are many mythological stories associated with this breed and its origin.
The Bedouin tribe is credited with the initial development of this breed. The Arabian horses were initially bred as war horses. As a result of conflicts between in the Muslims in the Middle Eastern countries, the influence of this breed began to spread to various parts of the world.
Around the 18th and 19th centuries, this breed reached Europe. The Spanish explorers are credited with bringing this breed to the American soil. Today, these horses are found in all parts of the world.