The Camargue is one of the most ancient horse breeds in the world. This breed gets its name because it is found in the Camargue region in the southern part of France. They have been in existence for the last thousands of years and through the course of their development, they have developed improved stamina, agility and toughness. It is these traits that help them survive in the harsh environment of the Camargue marshes. The Camargue horses are generally considered as wild horses, though, of late they are semi-wild.
The horses of the Camargue breed are small horses. The height of these horses ranges between 13-14 hands. These heads are slightly square in shape and carry a slightly convex profile. The expressive eyes of this horse are big. The wide years are short and have a broad base. The short neck is muscular and the base of the neck is deep. These horses have a thick tail and mane. The withers in this breed are well defined and pronounced. They have a broad and deep chest. These horses have short and straight back that ends with a narrow croup that is short. The shoulders of the horses in this breed are short but straight. The strong and sturdy legs have excellent joints and good hooves.
The Camargue horses have a calm temperament. They are agile creatures that have a lot of stamina. They are also intelligent and have good endurance levels. They are very attractive horses that are easy to train too.
13 - 14 hands
The Camargue horses are usually grey in color. They have black skin beneath the white coat that imparts this color to them.
The Camargue horses are used for a variety of equestrian games. They are also used for riding over long distance and also for dressage.
The existence of breed is very old. One school of thought states that these horses have been in existence since pre-historic times. The origins of this breed are not very well known. Many believe that these horses descended from an extinct horse called Soutre that was found in the southeast region of France.
Celts, Franks, Romans, Greeks, Moors and many more people settled in this region of France and all the horses they brought along with them has played a part in the development of this breed. Today, however, this breed is well protected and cared for.
To preserve the purity of this breed, the French government set up the breed standards in 1976. In the year 1978, the first stud book was released for this breed. The gardians are people who are responsible for branding, annual inspection and gelding of stock that is not suitable.