Bosnian Pony

Bosnian Pony photo
Photograph by Smooth_O. License: Public Domain.


The Bosnian Pony is the contribution of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the world. The Bosnian ponies, Hucul ponies and Konik ponies are very similar in nature and “Balkan Breed” is the name collectively given to this triad. This part of the world also experienced Turkish invasions due to which the Bosnian ponies have also been exposed to oriental blood. The exposure to the oriental blood has made the horses more beautiful.

The horses of this breed that were bred in Bosnia were tall and strong because they were bred in the fertile grounds in Romanja. In comparison, the ponies that were bred in Herzegovina were short because this region experiences draughts in summer.

The height of the horses of this breed can vary between 12.1-14 hands. The head of this horse is heavy and has a straight profile. Their muscular neck is short. The withers of this horse are not pronounced but flat. The back is also short, but straight. The Bosnian ponies have a broad chest which is deep. They have sloping shoulders. The well muscled legs of this breed are short but sturdy. The clean legs have wide joints, strong tendons and the hooves are hard and well formed.

The Bosnian pony is a small animal which is looks compact and is sturdy. They are hardy and sure footed creatures. These are good natured animals are kind and docile. These tough animals are easy to ride and handle.

12.1 - 14 hands

The main coat colors of this breed of horses are black, bay, gray, brown, palomino, dun and chestnut.

Suitable for
In the early stages of development, this breed was used to help during wars. In recent times, these horses are used for certain small agricultural work and as draft horses. They are used for transporting people and good over rough terrains where vehicles fail to move. They are also used as pleasure mounts and to pull carriages at times.

The Bosnian ponies are considered to have descended from the Tarpan which is influenced by the Mongolians. During the 17th and 18th centuries, these horses were exposed to oriental blood which diluted their bloodline but added beauty and attractiveness to this breed.

From the beginning of the 19th century, there has been selective breeding of these ponies with the help of government controlled breeding programs. For a long time, the Borike stud in Bosnia has been the primary breeding center for these ponies. While the government owns the stallions used for breeding, the mares are owned privately.